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Tuesday, August 4, 2020 | History

2 edition of warm water effluent analyzed as a buoyant surface jet found in the catalog.

warm water effluent analyzed as a buoyant surface jet

Edmund A. Prych

warm water effluent analyzed as a buoyant surface jet

by Edmund A. Prych

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Published by Sveriges Meteorologiska och Hydrologiska Institut in Stockholm .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Statementby Edmund A.Pryck ; [utgivat av] Sveriges Meteorologiska ochHydrologiska Institut.
SeriesNotiser och preliminära rapporter. Serie hydrologi -- 21.
ContributionsSveriges Meteorologiska och Hydrologiska Institut.
The Physical Object
Paginationvii, 86 s
Number of Pages86
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21109229M

Elevated convection occurs on the cool side of a warm front, behind a cold front, near the circulation of a mid-latitude cyclone, in association with an upper level low and in cases where a jet streak or vort max forces air from the mid-levels of the atmosphere to the upper levels of the atmosphere (not necessarily all the way from the surface). reaching either a level of neutral buoyancy or the ocean surface. It undergoes a number of physical, water channel for about 2 km, the warm water travels a distance of km to reach the Ennore creek and for the effluent flow to rise (i.e. positive buoyancy) or to fall (i.e. negative buoyancy.

For an offshore outfall (deep water) the initial dilution is brought about by the entrainment of clean seawater when effluent is jetted out in the receiving water body. The degree of entrainment is related to the shear between the plume and the adjacent water, which is a function of the momentum and the buoyancy of the effluent jet. The near-field mixing was analyzed in four zones: the free jet zone, the jet surface-impingement zone, the merging zone, and the vertical mixing zone. Analytical models were proposed to derive the three-dimensional concentration field after the jets impinged the water surface.

In shallow water it is likely that a portion of this dilution will have to be achieved in the radially spreading surface region of the jet. The degree of dilution obtained in the radial surface buoyant jet region will depend upon the buoyancy and velocity of the effluent, and the depth of water available.   Buoyant surface discharges into ambient water bodies can exhibit multiple complex flow processes, which cover the spatial range from the near field with initial jet mixing to the far field with passive ambient diffusion.


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Warm water effluent analyzed as a buoyant surface jet by Edmund A. Prych Download PDF EPUB FB2

Buoyant surface discharges into ambient water bodies can exhibit multiple complex flow processes, which cover the spatial range from the near field with initial jet mixing to the far field with.

A warm water effluent analyzed as a buoyant surface jet Svergis Meterologiska Och Hydrologiska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden. Rajaratnam, N.

Turbulent jets Theory of turbulent jets. Highlights Negatively buoyant effluent discharged through a rectangular surface channel is examined.

The mixing behavior of the flow has been analyzed. Plume trajectories and geometries have been determined. Differences were observed in the flow behavior prior to its plunging away from the free surface.

Results provide information that can be used for the design of dense surface Cited by: The channels were activated to discharge jet fluid tangentially at a constant depth of m into the ambient water surface.

After the experiments, data analysis was carried out through image routing. Prych E () A warm water effluent analyzed as a buoyant surface jet.

Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute Rep 21 Google Scholar Tollmien W () Berechnung turbulenter : A. Murota, K. Nakatsuji. An attempt has been made to analyze the turbulent diffusion, transfer, and mixing of a warm submerged jet discharged horizontally into a body of water of different temperature in a river or lake.

When a jet of heated effluent is discharged into a receiving body of water at some depth below its surface, it rises as a plume to the surface and. An attempt has been made to analyze the turbulent diffusion, transfer, and mixing of a warm submerged jet discharged horizontally into a body of water of different temperature in a river or lake.

When a jet of heated effluent is discharged into a receiving body of water at some depth below its surface, it rises as a plume to the surface and then spreads laterally and longitudinally at the free. This paper presents a numerical study on the kinematics of buoyant round jets in a wave environment.

A buoyant round jet was horizontally discharged at the mid-depth in regular waves using three-dimensional Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations with the standard κ − ε turbulence model.

Three kinds of effluent with various densities were used for the jets. The water exiting a reef pass is a special case of a surface‐buoyant jet in the coastal environment. Many studies have explored surface‐buoyant discharges [e.g., McGuirk and Rodi, ; Baddour and Chu, ; Nash and Jirka, ; Horner‐Devine, ; Chant, ]; while this work is applicable to the wave‐driven jet, the additional factor of the jet exiting adjacent to a reef crest.

Surface discharges of negatively buoyant jets into moving ambient water create a range of complex flow patterns. These complexities arise through the interplay between the discharge’s initial fluxes and the motion of the ambient current.

In this study a series of laboratory experiments were conducted for negatively buoyant surface discharges into crossflow to investigate flow patterns under. Buoyant Surface Discharges into Water Bodies. II: Jet Integral Model Analysis of Turbulent Buoyant Jet in Density‐Stratified Water.

Journal of Environmental Engineering August Show more Show less Numerical models, Numerical analysis, Numerical methods, Jets (fluid), Turbulent flow, Walls, Hydrologic models Journal of. A constant heat flux has been maintained on the bottom surface of the room.

The buoyancy causes flow to enter through the bottom opening and leave through the top opening. The shadowgraph technique is used for visualization. At the inlet, a negatively buoyant jet is observed, whereas a positively buoyant jet is observed at the outlet.

A horizontal, buoyant, slot jet in stagnant, ambient fluid. u a == 0, F. = 30 J The 2 -footwide flume in section used for experiments with a horizontal, buoyant slot jet. 32 Section of the 6 -inchwide flume with slot detail used for experiments with a buoyant slot jet.

34 Two-layerstratified flow system. 35 An arrested surface wedge. The evolution of positively buoyant jets was studied with non-intrusive techniques—Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and Laser Induce Fluorescence (LIF)—by analyzing four physical tests in their four characteristic zones: momentum dominant zone (jet-like), momentum to buoyancy transition zone (jet to plume), buoyancy dominant zone (plume-like), and lateral dispersion dominant zone.

Water quality criteria Ecological Research Series, Prych, E. A warm water effluent analysis as a buoyant surface jet. Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, Series Hydroli, Analysis of buoyant surface jets. Heat Transfer 98(3). Case ii) For a strongly negatively buoyant jet that tends to rapidly sink towards the bottom, assume the water surface is "sufficiently higher" so that the port elevation (H0) meets the H0 = 1/3 HD criterion.

Evaluate the CORMIX predictions to check for stable discharge configurations that would not interact with the actual water surface. Surface Discharge of Horizontal Warm-Water Jet. This paper reports the results of recent experiments, performed in the laboratory, on the mixing of a heated (buoyant) jet of water being discharged horizontally at the surface of a large body of initially quiescent receiving water.

depth of 20 m below the sea surface. The density of the seawater is assumed to be constant, ρ r = kg/m3. What is the dilution at the jet axis immediately below the water surface and how far from the discharge point will the jet reach the water surface.

Make calculations for an initial jet diameter of D 0 = m and D 0 = m. 01 22 0. In modeling analysis of DOW effluent plume is an energy generation technology that uses cold deep ocean water (DOW) and warm surface water to produce electricity.

A turbulent buoyant jet. The integral equations of mass, energy, and momentum conservation are used. The solution includes the length of the ZFE and the values of jet width, jet orientation, and center line temperature throughout this zone.

The method can predict buoyant jets with three‐dimensional trajectories discharged to flowing stratified ambients. A few studies (Brocard, ; Padmanabhan, ) performed site-specific model investigations of coastal cooling-water discharges, which qualitatively show the unsteady jet deflection that decreases as the tidal velocity diminishes, the build-up of a buoyant pool near slack conditions, front formation, and the re-entrainment of mixed effluent.For vertical positively buoyant jets, Lee et al.

() investigated various combinations of the densimetric Froude number and nozzle submergence and suggested dF=H ¼ as a criterion to.where C e is the solute concentration in the effluent [kg.m-3 or %]; C r is the background concentration in the receiving water [kg.m-3 or %]; DF is the dilution factor [dimensionless]; VF e is the volume friction of effluent in a sample at some sampling point in the effluent plume; k is the first order reaction coefficient [s-1] and t is the.